A universal Banach space with a $K$-unconditional basis

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, ‎Ukraine

2 Jan Kochanowski University, ‎Poland

Abstract

‎For a constant $K\geq 1$ let $\mathfrak{B}_K$ be the class of pairs $(X,(\mathbf e_n)_{n\in\omega})$ consisting of a Banach space $X$ and an unconditional Schauder basis $(\mathbf e_n)_{n\in\omega}$ for $X$‎, ‎having the unconditional basic constant $K_u\le K$‎. ‎Such pairs are called $K$-based Banach spaces‎. ‎A based Banach space $X$ is rational if the unit ball of any finite-dimensional subspace spanned by finitely many basic vectors is a polyhedron whose vertices have rational coordinates in the Schauder basis of $X$‎.
‎Using the technique of Fra\"iss'e theory‎, ‎we construct a rational $K$-based Banach space $\big(\mathbb U_K,(\mathbf e_n)_{n\in\omega}\big)$ which is $\mathfrak{RI}_K$-universal in the sense that each basis preserving isometry $f:\Lambda\to\mathbb U_K$ defined on a based subspace $\Lambda$ of a finite-dimensional rational $K$-based Banach space $A$ extends to a basis preserving isometry $\bar f:A\to\mathbb U_K$ of the based Banach space $A$‎.
‎We also prove that the $K$-based Banach space $\mathbb U_K$ is almost $\mathfrak{FI}_1$-universal in the sense that any base preserving‎
‎$\varepsilon$-isometry $f:\Lambda\to\mathbb U_K$ defined on a based subspace $\Lambda$ of a finite-dimensional $1$-based Banach space $A$ extends to a base preserving $\varepsilon$-isometry $\bar f:A\to\mathbb U_K$ of the based Banach space $A$‎. ‎On the other hand‎, ‎we show that no almost $\mathfrak{FI}_K$-universal based Banach space exists for $K>1$‎.
‎The Banach space $\mathbb U_K$ is isomorphic to the complementably universal Banach space for the class of Banach spaces with an unconditional Schauder basis‎, ‎constructed by Pe\l czy'nski in 1969‎.

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